This morning we return to the top Room Discourse, found in the thirteenth with the seventeenth chapters of John. We have only newly started looking in ~ these last words the Jesus prior to the cross. Below in this thirteenth thing we have a fascinating account of the expertise of Jesus of all the events which caused his death.

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Remember how John opens up this chapter, saying the Jesus knew that his hour had pertained to depart the end of the world and also to walk to the Father. And he knew the the dad had offered all things into his hands. All strength in heaven and also earth was placed in his hands. Thus he was, in a sense, directing his own death. He was in charge the the events. Rather than gift a helpless victim of occasions over i m sorry he had no control, he was self determining them as they went along.

You remember how, in the Garden, as soon as the soldiers concerned get him, Jesus so speak to them the they all fell backward top top the ground. You wonder, in analysis that, just who was in charge. He offered orders come the soldiers come dismiss the remainder of the apostles and let lock go, and also the soldiers obeyed. He was in command throughout every this amazing collection of events.

Then, Jesus knew of the strife and also pride amongst his disciples together he gone into the room. The knew the they were quarreling among themselves regarding who would be the greatest in his kingdom. This drew forth his exceptional teaching evidenced in the footwashing. He teach them the class of humility and of the need for cleansing from the sin that pride and hostility towards one another.

In the closing component of this chapter, beginning with Verse21, we have three movements. First, you deserve to see how Jesus knew and also understood the hostility the Judas, i m sorry would bring about his betrayal of Jesus, and also to the death of both Judas and also Jesus -- one by suicide, one through crucifixion. Then, he knew the weak of Peter. That comes in at the end of the chapter. He taken what Peter had within him, and that this would result in his three-fold denial and his cursing. In between, you have a great but brief section in which the is evident that our mr knew the principle of glory, the means by i m sorry glory is achieved -- the principle which Judas rejected. And also he also understood the strength of love, a rule of i m sorry Peter was ignorant. This would certainly be the radical secret that he would loose upon the world.

So there is the rundown of the ar we will certainly go v this morning. Let"s take very first the occurrence of Judas and also Jesus together, beginning with Verse21:

When Jesus had actually thus spoken, he to be troubled in spirit, and also testified, "Truly, truly, ns say come you, among you will certainly betray me." The practical worker looked in ~ one another, uncertain of who he spoke. Among his disciples, whom Jesus loved, to be lying close come the breast of Jesus; so Simon Peter beckoned come him and also said, "Tell united state who that is of whom he speaks. " for this reason lying thus, close to the chest of Jesus, he stated to him, "Lord, who is it?" Jesus answered, "It is he come whom ns shall offer this morsel when I have dipped it." So when he had actually dipped the morsel, he gave it come Judas, the child of Simon Iscariot. (John 13:21-26 RSV)

John set this account versus the lift of the distress the Jesus. He claimed that when Jesus had spoken after the footwashing, and had well-known what Judas was, he was "troubled in spirit." The Greek word method that he to be "deeply agitated," he to be grieved, hurt. Going to the cross was not simple thing because that Jesus to do. If us think the him as being unmoved through this totality circumstance, that speaking with poise and an untroubled spirit, we are wrong, since Jesus to be deeply disturbed at this point. That grieved him the he would challenge this perfidy and treachery in Judas. He had actually just quoted native the 41st Psalm the city in which David had actually said, "He who ate my bread has lifted his heel versus me," (Psalms 41:9b RSV). In the mind of Jesus this was what Judas was about to do. The phrase, "he has actually lifted his heel against me" is a word-picture that a companion who, without warning, for no reason, suddenly turns around, elevator his heel, and also kicks you in the face. You can imagine how stunning that would be. For this reason Jesus is substantially troubled as he anticipates this action of Judas, and also he feeling it through full force as an act of callous treason by one whom he had loved and also trusted.

Now, Jesus knew the it to be coming. This is made clean in many accounts. As far back as the 6th chapter of man we space told that Jesus said, "Have ns not liked you twelve, and also one of you is a devil?" john 6:70). He had known all follow me that one of his own disciples would betray him, because the Scriptures had said so. And also he knew i beg your pardon one that was, yet however at this point, once Judas is in reality on the verge of law this, that hits with tremendous affect upon Jesus" heart, and also he is grieved and also hurt and distressed and troubled.

For he knew the the story that Judas to be one of boosting greed. He had actually traced it. If you placed together the many small references come Judas in the scriptures you can see what to be happening to this man. It begins to take it shape. Once he first joined the twelve he evidently to be a sincere, specialized follower. He had actually a an excellent business head and a reputation for honesty. Therefore he was favored to it is in the treasurer that the twelve. That was provided charge that the money box. This shown that the other disciples had confidence in him, and that he had a reputation for honesty. You never elect a treasurer who doesn"t display some clues of being able to handle money properly. (I have constantly been surprised and also disturbed that I have never been chosen treasurer that anything!) however Judas was elected treasurer that the apostolic band.

When he had actually joined, that evidently had actually seen in Jesus the possibility to fulfill his dream. Judas believed that Jesus was the fulfillment the the prophecies concerning the comes Messiah that would provide Israel native its bondage and also make it the head the the nations of the earth. He believed that people government would flow from Jerusalem. There were every the great passages that the Old testimony which speak of this. And Judas, like various other Jews, had read all the wonderful passages of glory, yet had ignored those which encountered the enduring Messiah. So he joined the band with the anticipation that he would certainly be in the inside circle. And also as you put the story together you can see the he started to think of himself in these terms.

But once Jesus began to speak about the cross, and when Judas experienced him offending the leaders of the Jews, and he experienced the growing opposition that the Pharisees towards Jesus, Judas knew the his dream to be fading, and also he came to be inwardly resentful and also bitter against Jesus. Finally he took matters right into his very own hands. John tells us in the vault chapter, in Verse6, the Judas had started to steal money out of the money box. In the story of Mary, who wiped Jesus" feet with the ointment, john says, beginning with Verse4,

But Judas Iscariot, among his disciples (he that was come betray him), said, "Why was this ointment not sold for three hundred denarii and also given to the poor?" This the said, no that the cared for the poor but since he was a thief, and also as he had actually the money box he used to take it what to be put into it. (John 12:4-6 RSV)

So for some time Judas had been stealing the end of the treasury. What for? Well, as you put the story together, it is obvious that he had contracted to buy a piece of property, evidently a parcel nearby Jerusalem, in a well location, which he thought would it is in a great spot to construct on as soon as the kingdom came. He had actually purchased it because that himself. He was, in other words, feathering his own nest, utilizing the possibility of gift treasurer the the band to take the money for this purpose. Together the hatred of Jesus through the Jews grew, and Judas saw that the time was approaching when an inevitable climax must ensue, he grew impatient. Doing not have thirty pieces of silver to finish his purchase, he checked out the high priest and also made a resolve him come betray Jesus because that the money essential to acquisition the property. Later, once the money was brought back by Judas and flung at their feet, the priests took it and also went out and also finished the payment, bought the property, and called it the ar of Blood, because it to be there the Judas had hanged himself.

Jesus knew the it was covetousness, avarice, greed, hunger because that worldly enjoyment the was motivating Judas. And also yet Jesus was grieved and hurt, since he knew the the callous selfishness that Judas had actually come around only by his recurring rejection the Jesus" love. Friend can"t check out the story of this two males without seeing exactly how consistently Jesus tried to reach Judas. Even here at the last supper that is apparent.

One sign of it is the table arrangements which John documents here. Most of us are acquainted with Leonardo da Vinci"s painting, The last Supper, and we think the is the way it was -- all of them sit on one next of a lengthy table. It is almost particular that this is not what lock did, since the tradition of the Jews was no to sit at table. Lock didn"t use chairs as we do. The Jews, favor the Romans, ate if half-reclining top top couches i beg your pardon were about the table. The table was very likely U-shaped. Down at the center of the narrow end sat Jesus, together the host, half-reclining on his left side on his couch, so that his right hand would be complimentary to eat with. On the adjoining couch come the best was man the Apostle. He always refers come himself together "that disciple who Jesus loved." as he tells us here, he to be sitting close to the chest of Jesus. His head would have actually been best at Jesus" chest-level due to the fact that of the setup of the couches. And also on the various other side, the left side of Jesus, which, incidentally, to be the ar of honor, to be Judas. And also Jesus" head would certainly have gone to Judas" breast, together John"s head was at Jesus". This setup made it feasible for these to lug on one intimate conversation, unheard through the others. Only that table arrangement explains what happened right here at the last supper.

This gesture of giving the location of respect to Judas to be Jesus" critical attempt to shot to reach this man"s heart. One more mark of respect which Jesus bestowed to be the providing of this small morsel. It to be a custom of the Jews to perform this, to break turn off a piece of bread or a little bit of meat, dip that in juice, and also hand it to a favored guest -- lot as we propose a toast in someone"s honor at a banquet today. Jesus took the bread and also dipped the in the gravy and also gave it to Judas in the presence of all the disciples. Just John heard Jesus say the this would mark the betrayer. So, once Jesus offered this morsel come Judas he was honoring that in the existence of the various other disciples.

And yet never ever once in all the time that Judas had actually been through Jesus is there any kind of record that he ever before relented and enabled Jesus come love him. He never opened up, never ever admitted what he was thinking. He never ever responded come Jesus" love in the the very least degree, however increasingly he kept up a false front, a phony facade. Currently at last, despite all the initiatives of Jesus to reach him, he has actually "lifted increase his heel" against him and also kicked him ideal in the face. For this reason we pertained to the last keep in mind of this catastrophic sequence, reflecting the boosting grip of evil on Judas, start with Verse27:

Then after the morsel, Satan gotten in into him. Jesus claimed to him, "What you space going come do, execute quickly." currently no one at the table knew why he had said this to him. Some assumed that, because Judas had actually the money box, Jesus was telling him, "Buy what we need for the feast"; or, the he should give something to the poor. So, ~ receiving the morsel, he immediately went out; and also it was night. (John 13:27-30 RSV)

You remember the the chapter started with satanic influence upon Judas. In Verse2 john says, "And during supper, once the evil one had already put it into the heart of Judas Iscariot, Simon"s son, come betray him," (John 13:2 RSV). There you watch that Judas" greed had given the devil an opportunity. As soon as we withstand God"s love and follow a identified march toward evil, it offers the adversary opportunity. And also he had actually the chance to implant thoughts in Judas" love which would take deep root immediately. So he had currently put it into Judas" heart to betray Jesus; the deal had actually been arranged.

But Judas still had actually a chance to retreat. Jesus would certainly never have tried to with him had actually he not still had an chance to recover at this point. When Jesus offered him the morsel, and Judas take it it and ate it there is no a native or a authorize of repentance or remorse, the passed the allude of no return.

Pilots tell united state that as they fly over the ocean they with a allude where that is just as far to return as it is to the various other side. This is the allude of no return. This is just one of the many tragic scenes in all of background -- to view a man, while he is tho alive, deliberately refuse truth come the degree that he goes beyond any hope of recovery. In ~ this suggest Satan entered into him, and now you have satanic possession. Judas is no much longer in control of his own will. He deserve to no much longer make any kind of decision to withstand evil. That is in the fixed of death.

This is what we might speak to Judas" Gethsemane. Best after this event Jesus leaves the top Room and goes with his disciples right into the Garden. Over there he withdraws a bit, and prays alone. This is his last opportunity to turn ago before the cross. You remember the he prays, "Father, if it be possible, permit this cup happen from me," however he adds, together always, "nevertheless, no my will yet thine it is in done," (Luke 22:42). And though he sweated good drops that blood in the agony of the moment, we read that, in ~ the end of it, angels came and strengthened him. His settle was unbroken. Similarly, here is Judas at the suggest of no return. That is his last possibility to revolve back, but he doesn"t take it. And when he provides that decision, Satan comes and also strengthens him, so the he cannot turn back.

So Jesus commands him, now that over there is no further hope the recovery, "What you room going to do, do quickly!" and the final word of john is, "he instantly went out; and also it was night." John really likely is thinking in the same terms as the words he later would create in his first epistle: "If we walk in the light, as he is in the light..." -- if us walk out wherein our resides are open, wherein we don"t try to hide anything, wherein our sin and also our failure and also our weak is all there prior to God, but we don"t shot to justification it or come hide it, however we expose it -- "If we walk in the light, together he is in the light, ... The blood of Jesus, God"s Son, cleanses us from every sin," 1John 1:7). Yet if we revolve from the light, turn our backs on Jesus and walk away, figured out to execute our very own will, we walk right into darkness, into night. And also it is Jude, one of the brother of Jesus, who later on records the there room those that are favor "wandering stars, for whom the nether gloom of darkness has actually been scheduled forever," (Jude 13 RSV).

So Judas leaves, and also Jesus now turns come his disciples. And he shares through them great truth that he to be unable come share when the traitor to be present:

When he had gone out, Jesus said, "Now the son of man is glorified, and in the God is glorified; if God is glorified in him, God will additionally glorify that in himself, and glorify him in ~ once. Small children, however a tiny while i am through you. Girlfriend will look for me; and as I stated to the Jews so now I say come you, "Where i am going you can not come." A new commandment I give to you, the you love one another; also as I have actually loved you, that you also love one another. Through this all men will know that you are my disciples, if you have actually love because that one another." (John 13:31-35 RSV)

Here in this short passage is the vital to the rest of the chapters that this discourse. Chapters14 through17 all flow out of these words here. Jesus states an old principle, and also gives a new commandment. The old principle is in these words: "Now is the child of guy glorified, and also in that God is glorified; if God is glorified in him, God will likewise glorify that in himself, and also glorify him in ~ once." notice the stress on glory. This is the mystery of glory, the principle through which we accomplish glory. Glory is the acknowledgment of who you really are. This is something we all lengthy for. We space all striving because that glory. We want to be recognized; us want civilization to know us. We long to it is in seen, to end up being the facility of attention. We all want people to think very of us. This is what Jesus is talking about. The secret of attaining this, he says, is to give yourself up, to lose yourself. He is looking front to the cross. The cross ended up being a certainty the minute Judas left the room, and also Jesus says, "Now is the child of male glorified..."

Notice three manifestations the glory proclaimed in this sentence: First, Jesus is glorified in the cross. The cross is now so details that in the rest of this i he speaks of it as though it is already accomplished. And also in the overcome the inner character of Jesus becomes visible. Remember the in the opened of this Gospel, man says, "And the Word came to be flesh and also dwelt among us, complete of grace and truth; we have actually beheld his glory, glory together of the just Son from the Father," (John 1:14 RSV). All the grace and also truth becomes clearly shows in the cross. Together you look at the cross, and also at every the situations of the events surrounding it, you watch the fact of Jesus" humanity. Over there is the agony in the Garden that Gethsemane -- that strange, mysterious agony of spirit once Jesus was so troubled, for this reason distressed, for this reason upset and also grieved, that he sweat an excellent drops of blood and also cried the end in terrible, anguished cries to his Father. Over there you watch the humankind of Jesus. And his cries indigenous the cross -- the thirst, the pain, of gift forsaken -- all of these tell us that he to be one with us. Someone has actually written these an extremely appropriate words:

It is well the we must think, sometimes, of the upper Room, and of the last Supper, and also of his spirit "exceeding sorrowful depend death;" the Gethsemane, the deep shadow of the olive trees, his loneliness, prayers, and disappointment v his disciples, his bloody sweat; the traitor"s kiss, the binding, the punch in the face, the spitting, the buffeting, the mocking, the scourging, the crown the thorns, the smiting; the sorrowful way, and also the burdensome cross, the exhaustion and collapse; the stripping, the impaling, the jeers the his foes, the trip of his friends; the hrs on the cross, the darkness, his gift forsaken of God; his thirst, and the end.

In the cross you deserve to see how close to united state Jesus came, how one with us he was. But also you watch the serenity of his faith. Exactly how fearless the was prior to Pilate! He claimed to him, "You would have actually no power over me unless it had actually been provided you indigenous above," (John 19:11 RSV). Just how fearless that was before Herod -- he stood silent, and would not answer him -- and before Caiaphas, the high priest! exactly how he directed these events, together we have seen! the was grasp of the circumstances. Over there on the cross you view the compassion the his love. The forgave the revolutionary alongside him, and also prayed for his enemies. And also previously, in Pilate"s hall, he had actually looked in ~ Peter v compassion when Peter had denied him. And also you see the love and also concern that his heart together he cared because that his mommy -- the last thing he did prior to he died -- committing her right into the hands of John.

And over there is the strange, unfathomable an enig of his work -- how he could be at as soon as the sacrifice being offered, and the priest providing the blood prior to the Father? exactly how he could be both the victim of man"s sin, the man"s hatred and cruelty and also guilt and, at the exact same time, it is in the victor over every the pressures of darkness and also hell and also death, over the principalities and powers whom he took and nailed come the cross? We never ever can totally understand it, yet there is the glory of Jesus -- all hidden there in the overcome of Christ.

And God to be glorified in him. The is the 2nd thing, the said. The cross not just reveals Jesus yet it discover the father -- all the truth around the Father. The weird idea has arisen among Christians, I have actually found, that Jesus is the chaste sufferer, placating the wrath the a terribly angry God who is ready to smite humanity. But that is not the biblical view. The holy bible says, "God remained in Christ reconciling the people himself," (2Corinthians 5:19 RSV). You check out in the cross the holiness and the righteousness of God. Isaiah says, "It pleased Jehovah to bruise him; he has put him come grief. He has made his spirit an offering for sin," (Isaiah 53:10). There you see the power and the sovereignty the God. Peter, on the work of Pentecost, might say, "Jesus was delivered up according to the definite plan and foreknowledge the God," (Acts 2:23). He was in charge the the events. Over there you see the mercy and also the love and also grace that the Father. Together Paul writes come the Romans, "He who spared no his own Son yet delivered him up for united state all, exactly how shall that not v him freely give us all things?" (Romans 8:32).

And so, as Jesus says, that is glorified, the father is glorified, and also God will glorify him again, and will do it immediately. Below he is reasoning of his resurrection and also exaltation. Resurrection is never far behind death. Our mr is proclaiming a good principle here. How do you achieve glory? how do you accomplish the fulfillment you are wanting -- and also quite properly so: God made us this way; it is not wrong to want to it is in noticed, to want to achieve success, to desire to attain stature and status -- the is no wrong, but how execute you go about it? The prize is: through dying. "If you conserve your life, girlfriend will lose it; if you lose your life for my sake," Jesus said, "you will conserve it," (Matthew 16:25). And very close behind death is resurrection -- the exaltation the God. Peter place it precisely in one of his epistles: "Humble yourselves as such under the mighty hand of God, the in early time he may exalt you," (1Peter 5:6).

That is daunting for the herbal man, isn"t it? We battle with this -- i do, you do. We fight for the peak place. We room filled through suspicion and guile towards one another. We might all be involved in a Watergate scandal. Us all want to read each other"s mail, to find out what is walking on in other people"s lives -- especially if they are in any kind of sense our rivals. So how can you execute this, how can you shed your life? What is the strength which have the right to make you be willing to litter it all away, apparently, to offer it all up?

Well, the is why Jesus adds, "A new commandment I offer to you, that you love one another; even as I have actually loved you..." the is the strength which provides sacrifice possible. That can"t be excellent on any kind of other terms. The is not ambition -- that"s not enough. That is love. The vital is in the phrase, "as I have loved you." the is why Paul can write, "The love that Christ constrains us," (2 Corinthians 5:14). The is the secret. That expression is both the measure and also the origin of our love. Our love because that one another, Jesus says, is come be favor his love for us. That is, we need to love as he does, without condition, prepared to forgive, honest and candid, open and also accepting toward each other. That is the measure of it.

Then, it should originate native his love because that us. As the Father loved the Son, and also as he lived by the love, therefore we space to live by the love of Jesus easily accessible to us. We space to attract upon his loving acceptance of us in order come reach the end in loving accept to who else near us, whether they are lovely or not. The is the secret. Jesus himself claims that this is the mark of true discipleship. "Do you want human being to believe your message? they will when they see the mark. And this is the mark through which the people will know that girlfriend really room my hands-on worker -- due to the fact that you start to reach out in love choose this to each other. If you can"t reach out like that in love, if friend can"t placed another"s need ahead of your own, and also give increase your very own interests come minister to the need, then you are not my disciples," Jesus says, "you have actually no part with me." This is the mark.

Tom Skinner place this into very modern-day but beautiful terms. The says,

It has constantly been the will of God to saturation the usual clay that a man"s humanity, and also then to send that man in open display into a hostile civilization as a life testimony that it is feasible for the invisible God to make himself visible in a man.

"By this shall every men know that you are my disciples, if you have love one because that another." (John 13:35)

Now we will certainly take just a rapid look in ~ the closeup of the door scene v Peter and Jesus:

Simon Peter claimed to him, "Lord, where room you going? " Jesus answered, "Where i am walking you cannot follow me now; but you shall follow afterward." Peter claimed to him, "Lord, why cannot i follow friend now? I will lay down my life for you." Jesus answered, "Will girlfriend lay under your life for me? Truly, truly, i say to you, the cock will no crow, till you have actually denied me three times." (John 13:36-38 RSV)

Judas betrayed Jesus; Peter refuse his Lord. What is the difference between these two men? What is the difference between betrayal and denial?

Jesus himself has currently explained this for us in Verse10 that this chapter. Remember the he said that Peter had currently been bathed and needed only to wash his feet. Judas had actually never to be bathed, had actually never opened up as soon as for the cleansing the love, had never opened up his life come Jesus. Peter had dirty feet but a clean heart; Judas had an angry heart the unbelief, though perhaps an external walk of obvious morality. And also that is the kind of male who will certainly betray Jesus.

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What Peter lacked was the knowledge of love. Peter thought that he loved Jesus, and he walk -- with all the human emotion of which he was capable. But he had not yet learned to walk by the love the Christ because that him. He had not however learned to uncover his identity, not in his efforts to try to it is in something in himself, yet in the accept of Jesus for him. That is the secret. Jesus knew that. Peter, v the utmost dedication of his flesh, with complete consecration and sincerity that heart, could say come Jesus, "Lord, I know where you"re walk -- you"re going into death. And I"ll lay under my life v you." and Jesus interpreted that. The said, "Peter, thank you. But prior to the cock crows, prior to the morning breaks, you will have denied me three times."

Yet you remember the story at the close of John"s Gospel, in which, after the resurrection, Jesus gathered v his disciples on the coast of Galilee. That had built a fire for them, and had laid some fish on to cook, and they had breakfast together. While they to be eating, Jesus said to Peter, "Peter, execute you love me?" and also Peter said, "Lord, you recognize I love you." Again the said, "Peter, perform you love me?" "Lord, you understand I love you." and once again, "Peter, carry out you love me?" and Peter said, "Lord, you know everything. You understand that now that ns love you." and it to be then the Jesus said, "Peter, feeding my sheep," (John 21:15-17). He i was delegated him when Peter learned what love really is. Once he learned how to attract upon the accessible love the Jesus because that him to strengthen him in order to reach the end in love because that others, then Jesus sent out him out through a global commission to feeding the sheep of God.

This is wherein John leaves us in this account -- helping united state to see how thoroughly Jesus knows us, how thoroughly that understands us and also sees all the is walking on in ours lives, and is ready to impart to us the good secret whereby we can satisfy that impossible need -- to give up in order come gain, to lose in order to win, to go down to loss in order to arise together a victor. It is as we discover to love by the love the Jesus, and also to attract upon him, that "... By this all guys will know that you space my disciples."