1) Compounds with the -OH team attached to a saturated alkane-like carbon are well-known asA) alcohols.B) alkyl halides.C) ethers.D) hydroxyls.E) phenols.

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2) Compounds v an oxygen atom bonded to 2 organic groups are well-known asA) alcohols.B) ethers.C) hydroxides.D) hydroxyls.E) phenols.


3) none of the complying with organic link is really likely to type hydrogen bond exceptA) alkanes.B) alkenes.C) alcohols.D) aromatics.E) ethers


4) Alcohols, ethers, and also phenols have the right to be thought about organic derivatives of the not natural compoundA) ammonia.B) carbon dioxide.C) salt hydroxide.D) water.E) nobody of these


5) which molecule presented is an ether?


6) What is the not natural compound that can be considered the structure basis for alcohols and also ethers? comment on two ways in i beg your pardon the physics properties that alcohols and ethers are similar to nature of this compound.


Answer: Alcohols and also ethers can be taken into consideration to it is in derivatives of water. Similar physical properties include:Polarity: Water is a really polar molecule; alcohols and also ethers additionally display polarity.Boiling point: Water has actually a greater boiling point than suspect on the basis of its molar mass. Alcohols likewise share this characteristic, but ethers perform not.Solubility: Water is miscible with other polar liquids; alcohols and also ethers of low molar mass space miscible with water and with every other since of your polarity.


7) The alcohol which contains only one carbon atom and also has the common name of hardwood alcohol isA) ethanol.B) glycerol.C) glycol.D) methanol.E) phenol.


8) The common name of CH3OH isA) grain alcohol.B) timber alcohol.C) rubbing alcohol.D) antifreeze.E) glycerol.


9) The alcohol which contains two carbon atoms and has the typical name of serial alcohol isA) ethanol.B) glycerol.C) glycol.D) methanol.E) phenol.


10) The usual name of CH3CH2OH isA) grain alcohol.B) lumber alcohol.C) rubbing alcohol.D) antifreeze.E) glycerol.


11) The molecule with 3 carbon atoms through an -OH team on each, and also used as a moisturizer isA) ethanol.B) glycerol.C) glycol.D) methanol.E) phenol.


12) The usual name that CH2(OH)CH2OH isA) grain alcohol.B) lumber alcohol.C) rubbing alcohol.D) ethylene glycol (antifreeze).E) glycerol.


13) Rubbing alcohol is a systems ofA) ethylene glycol.B) glycerol.C) isopropil alcohol.D) ethanol.E) methanol.


14) i m sorry of the following is commonly known as glycerol?


15) i m sorry molecule displayed is a glycol?


16) The common name of 1,2-ethanediol isA) grain alcohol.B) wood alcohol.C) rubbing alcohol.D) ethylene glycol (antifreeze)E) glycerol.


17) The usual name that CH3CH(OH)CH3 in water solution isA) grain alcohol.B) lumber alcohol.C) rubbing alcohol.D) antifreeze.E) glycerol


18) What is the IUPAC name of the link shown?

A) 4-methyl-2-pentanolB) 2-methyl-4-pentanolC) 4,4-dimethyl-2-butanolD) 2,2-dimethyl-4-butanolE) 2-isohexanol


19) The IUPAC surname of the alcohol displayed is

A) 2,3-dimethyl-1-pentanol.B) 2,3-dimethyl-5-pentanol.C) 3,4-dimethyl-1-pentanol.D) 3,4-dimethyl-5-pentanol.E) major 2,3-dimethylpentanol.


20) What is the IUPAC name of the link shown?

A) 4-ethyl-1-hexanolB) 3-ethyl-6-hexanolC) 3-ethyl-1-hexanolD) 4,4-diethyl-1-butanolE) isooctanol


21) The name of the alcohol presented is

A) 2,4,4-trimethyl-3-pentanol.B) 2,2,4-trimethyl-3-pentanol.C) branched 3-octanol.D) trimethyl-3-pentanol.E) an additional 2,4,4-pentanol.


22) What is the organized name for the following compound?

A) 2-methyl-3-pentanolB) 2-methyl-3-pentenolC) 4-methyl-3-pentanolD) 3-methyl-2-pentanol


23) What is the IUPAC name of the link shown?

A) butanetriolB) 1,3,4-butanetriolC) 1,2,4-butanetriolD) 2-hydroxy-1,4-butanediolE) butylene glycol


24) compounds of the form R3C-OH are referred to as ________ alcohols.A) primaryB) secondaryC) tertiaryD) quaternaryE) none of the above


25) link of the form R2CH-OH are described as ________ alcohols.A) primaryB) secondaryC) tertiaryD) quaternaryE) none of the above


26) compound of the kind RCH2-OH are described as ________ alcohols.A) primaryB) secondaryC) tertiaryD) quaternaryE) no one of the above


27) Which compound is a tertiary alcohol?A) 1-propanolB) 2-methyl-1-hexanolC) 2-methyl-2-hexanolD) 3-methyl-2-hexanolE) 3-hexanol


28) i beg your pardon molecule displayed is a main alcohol?


29) The molecule presented is a ________ alcohol since ________.

A) primary; it has one -OH groupB) primary; that -OH team is top top the finish of the moleculeC) secondary; the carbon external inspection to the -OH group is external inspection to two other carbonsD) secondary; each team bonded come the hydroxyl carbon consists of two carbon atomsE) tertiary; the -OH is external inspection to the number 3 carbon


30) i m sorry molecule displayed is a an additional alcohol?


31) an alcohol is classified as primary, secondary or tertiary based onA) the variety of carbon atoms bonded come the carbon bearing the oh group.B) the variety of carbon atoms in the molecule.C) the number of hydrogens existing in the alcohol.D) the variety of OH groups existing in the molecule.E) the massive of the alcohol


34) The reasonably high boiling allude of alcohols in relationship to your molecular weights is the result ofA) covalent bonding.B) dipolar forces.C) hydrogen bonding.D) ionic bonding.E) London forces.


35) every one of the following properties of alcohols are affected by hydrogen bonding exceptA) boiling point.B) miscibility with water.C) ability to dissolve polar substances.D) molecular weight.E) no one of the above


36) Which link is the most soluble in water?A) CH3CH2CH2CH2OHB) CH3CH2CH2OHC) CH3CH2CH2CH3D) CH3CH2CH3E) CH3CH2CH2CH2CH2CH2CH2CH3


37) Which link is the the very least soluble in water?A) CH3CH2CH2CH2OHB) CH3CH2CH2OHC) CH3CH2CH2CH3D) CH3CH2CH3E) CH3CH2CH2CH2CH2CH2CH2CH3


38) i beg your pardon compound has actually the lowest boiling point?A) CH3CH2CH2CH2CH2OHB) CH3CH2CH2CH2CH3C) CH3CH2CH2CH2OHD) CH3CH2CH2CH3E) CH3CH2CH2OH


39) which of the adhering to would at ideal be only very slightly soluble in water?A) 1-hexanolB) 2-propanolC) 1,5-pentanediolD) 1-propanolE) 2-butanol


41) i m sorry compound has the highest possible boiling point?A) CH3CH2CH2CH2CH2OHB) CH3CH2CH2CH2CH3C) CH3CH2CH2CH2OHD) CH3CH2CH2CH3E) CH3CH2CH2OH


42) i beg your pardon of the adhering to is the many soluble in water?A) diethyl etherB) methanolC) 1-butanolD) 1-decanolE) decane


43) i m sorry of the following is the most soluble in water?A) HOCH2CH2CH2OHB) CH3CH2CH2CH2OHC) CH3CH2OCH2CH3D) CH3CH2CH2CH3E) CH3CH2CH2OCH3


44) i beg your pardon of the adhering to would it is in the least soluble in water?A) HOCH2CH2CH2OHB) CH3CH2CH2CH2OHC) CH3CH2OCH2CH3D) CH3CH2CH2CH3E) CH3CH2CH2OCH3


45) i beg your pardon compound has actually the lowest boiling point?A) CH3CH2CH2CH2OHB) CH3CH2CH2OHC) CH3CH2OCH2CH3D) CH3CH2OCH3E) CH3CH2CH2OCH3


46) which compound has the greatest boiling point?A) CH3CH2CH2CH2OHB) CH3CH2CH2OHC) CH3CH2OCH2CH3D) CH3CH2OCH3E) CH3CH2CH2OCH3


47) which compound would you expect to have actually the shortest boiling point?A) methaneB) methanolC) dimethyl etherD) ethanolE) water


48) which alcohol is many soluble in water?A) ethanolB) 1-propanolC) 1-butanolD) 1-pentanolE) 1-hexanol


49) Describe and also explain the adjust in water solubility the straight-chain primary alcohols as molar massive increases.


Answer: as the molar mass of this alcohols increases, the water solubility decreases. This occurs because the polarity that the hydroxyl group, i beg your pardon is the factor for the communication with the polar water molecules, becomes less vital as the dimension of the nonpolar hydrocarbon section of the molecule increases.


50) The product that dehydration of an alcohol is an

A) alkane.B) alkene.C) aromatic.D) ether.E) aldehyde.


51) Oxidation of one alcohol group results in formation of a(an) ________ group.A) alkylB) aromaticC) carbonylD) etherE) hydroxyl


52) The symbol written above a reaction arrow meansA) oxygen is removed from one of the reactants throughout the reaction.B) the reaction spend oxygen from the atmosphere.C) that an oxidation reaction is occurring.D) the a palliation reaction is occurring and also oxygen is liberated.E) none of the above


53) Oxidation that R2CHOH will certainly produceA) an aldehyde.B) a ketone.C) one alkene.D) a carboxylic acid.E) no reaction.


54) Oxidation that a tertiary alcohol will certainly produceA) one aldehyde.B) a ketone.C) an alkene.D) a carboxylic acid.E) no reaction.


55) treatment of CH3CH2CH2OH v a limited amount of oxidizing agent will produceA) an aldehyde.B) a ketone.C) one alkene.D) a carboxylic acid.E) no reaction


56) treatment of CH3CH2OH with an excess lot of oxidizing agent will produceA) one aldehyde.B) a ketone.C) one alkene.D) a carboxylic acid.E) no reaction.


57) tenderness oxidation of a primary alcohol will produceA) an aldehyde.B) an alkene.C) a carboxylic acid.D) an ether.E) a ketone.


58) tenderness oxidation the a secondary alcohol will certainly produceA) one aldehyde.B) an alkene.C) a carboxylic acid.D) one ether.E) a ketone.


59) strong oxidation that a main alcohol will produce

A) one aldehyde.B) one alkene.C) a carboxylic acid.D) one ether.E) a ketone.


61) treatment of the molecule displayed with a solid oxidizing agent will produce

A) one aldehyde.B) one alkene.C) a carboxylic acid.D) a ketone.E) no reaction.


62) i m sorry of the complying with alcohols would not be able to be oxidized v any type of oxidizing agent?


63) treatment of the molecule displayed with a dehydrating agent will certainly produce

A) one aldehyde.B) an alkene.C) a carboxylic acid.D) a ketone.E) no reaction.


64) The significant product obtained from dehydration of 2-hexanol isA) 1-hexene.B) 2-hexene.C) 3-hexene.D) 2-hexanone.E) 2-hexanal


65) i m sorry alcohol have to be provided to produce 2-methyl-3-pentene by dehydration?A) 2-methyl-3-pentanolB) 4-methyl-2-pentanolC) 4-methyl-1-pentanolD) 2-methyl-1-pentanolE) 1-propanol and 2-propanol


66) The significant product result from the dehydration of

A) 1-pentene.B) 2-pentene.C) n-pentane.D) 1,2-pentanediol.E) 1,3-pentanediol.


68) What is the product that the oxidation of a secondary alcohol?A) ketoneB) aldehydeC) alkeneD) carboxylic acidE) alkyne


69) Oxidation reactions are identified differently in necessary chemistry 보다 they are in not natural chemistry. Provide the meaning of both and explain your similarities.


Answer: The inorganic definition of oxidation is ns of electrons. The organic meaning is formation of extr bonds in between carbon and oxygen (or a to decrease in the variety of carbon-hydrogen bonds). These are comparable because as soon as carbon develops a bond through electronegative oxygen, it essentially loses several of its attraction because that its electrons.


70) The simplest fragrant alcohol, recognized by its solid medicinal odor and also used together a disinfectant isA) ethanol.B) glycerol.C) glycol.D) methanol.E) phenol.


71) Which compound is sometimes called carbolic acid?A) ethanolB) methanolC) glycerolD) etherE) phenol


72) Compounds with the -OH team attached to an fragrant ring are known asA) alcohols.B) alkyl halides.C) ethers.D) hydroxyls.E) phenols.


74) which molecule would certainly be the most acidic?A) dimethyl etherB) ethanolC) phenolD) waterE) 1-hexanol


75) when phenol acts together an acid, a ________ ion is produced.A) phenylB) benzylC) phenolateD) phenolicE) phenoxide


76) The molecule CH3CH2CH2OCH2CH3 can be classified asA) one alcohol.B) an aldehyde.C) one alkane.D) an ether.E) a ketone


77) every one of the following are nature of ethers exceptA) the molecules room polar, however do not kind hydrogen bonds with various other ether molecules.B) low molecular load ethers space flammable and also evaporate easily.C) ethers dissolve easily in water in all proportions.D) ethers are reasonably unreactive except for flammability.E) ethers dissolve plenty of organic compounds readily.

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78) What is the IUPAC name of the link shown?

CH3CH2CH2OCH3

A) 1,2-etherbutaneB) methyl propyl etherC) propyl methyl etherD) butyl etherE) isobutyl ether


79) Ether molecules room polar, however do not kind hydrogen binding with other ether molecule becauseA) the molecule are typically too large.B) there is no hydrogen atom bonded to the oxygen.C) there space too many hydrogen atoms on the molecule to bond with just one oxygen atom.D) only binary compounds kind hydrogen bonds.E) ether molecules room so reactive that they never have an opportunity to form hydrogen bonds.


80) What is the organized name that the complying with compound?

A) 2-methoxy propaneB) 2-ethoxy propaneC) ethyl methyl etherD) diethyl ether


81) essential compounds which are sulfur analogs that alcohols are described as

A) sulfuric alcohols.B) disulfidesC) halides.D) thiols.E) carbonyls


82) Which residential property of thiols makes them advantageous as additives to natural gas?A) flammabilityB) solubilityC) odorD) colorE) disinfectant


83) The reaction problems which would an outcome in development of disulfides from thiols areA) soft oxidizing.B) gentle heat.C) strong heat.D) strong acid.E) nobody of these


84) What is the IUPAC name of the link shown?

A) 2-thiobutaneB) 3-thiobutanolC) 2-butanethiolD) 1-methyl-1-thiopropaneE) 1-methyl-1-propanethiol


85) when a thiol is oxidized the product isA) one aldehyde.B) a ketone.C) sulfuric acid.D) a disulfide.E) one alkene


86) The most characteristic function of thiols is ________A) odorB) solubility in waterC) reactivity v waterD) boil pointE) color


87) What is the IUPAC name of the link shown?

A) di(chloroethane)B) 2,3-dichlorobutaneC) 1,2-dichloro-1,2-dimethylethaneD) 1,2-dichloro-1-methylpropaneE) 2,3-dichlorbutane


88) What is the IUPAC name for the compound shown?

A) 3-bromo-2-chloro-3-methylpentaneB) 3-bromomethyl-2-chloro-pentaneC) bromochlorohexaneD) 3-bromo-4-chloro-3-methylpentaneE) nobody of these


89) provide the IUPAC surname for the adhering to compound:

A) 1,2-dibromo-1-methyl butaneB) 2,3-dibromopentaneC) 3,4-dibromopentaneD) 2,3-bromopentane


90) all of the complying with can it is in classified together alkyl halides exceptA) styrene, the monomer used to make foam coffee cups.B) chloroform, one anesthetic.C) iodoform, one disinfectantD) methyl bromide, one insecticide.E) CFC"s supplied as refrigerants