What is digestion?

Food and drink need to be changed right into smaller sized molecules of nutrients to be absorbed right into the blood and also brought to cells throughout the body. Digestion is the process by which food and liquid are damaged down right into smaller parts. The body can then usage them to construct and also nourish cells and also to make energy.

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How does the digestive procedure work?

Digestion involves:

The mixing of food

The movement of food through the digestive tract

A chemical breakdown of big molecules of food right into smaller molecules

Digestion begins in the mouth, where food and liquids are taken in. It is completed in the small intestine.

What is had in the digestive system?

The digestive device is consisted of of the digestive tract and also various other organs that assist in digestion.

The digestive tract is a collection of hollow organs joined in a long, twisting tube from the mouth to the anus. It consists of the following:




Small intestine

Large intestine (has the colon and rectum)



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Organs that aid via digestion, but are not part of the digestive tract, are the:


Glands in the mouth that make saliva




Parts of other organ systems, such as nerves and blood, additionally play a major role in the digestive process.

How does food move through the digestive system?

Muscles propel food and liquid alengthy the digestive tract in a wave-favor motion. This activity is called peristalsis. In basic, tright here are 6 steps in the process of relocating food and liquid via the digestive system:

The initially action in the digestive process occurs in the mouth. This is wright here food is chewed and damaged dvery own into a size that have the right to be safely swpermitted. The begin of swallowing food or liquid is voluntary. But when it starts, the procedure becomes involuntary and also continues under the manage of the nerves.

The esophagus connects the throat above via the stomach listed below. It is the first body organ into which the swpermitted food goes.

Wright here the esophagus and also stomach join, tright here is a ring-favor valve that closes the passage between the 2 organs. When food nears the closed ring, the bordering muscles relax and also enable the food to pass right into the stomach. It then closes aget.

The food then enters the stomach. The stomach completes 3 mechanical tasks. It stores, mixes, and empties:

First, the stomach stores the swallowed food and liquid. This needs the muscle of the top component of the stomach to relax and accept large volumes of swenabled material.

2nd, the lower component of the stomach mixes up the food, liquid, and also digestive juices made by the stomach via muscle activity.

Third, the stomach empties the contents right into the tiny intestine.

The food is digested in the little intestine. It is dissolved by the juices from the pancreas, liver, and also intestine. The contents of the intestine are combined and puburned forward to enable better digestion.

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Last, the digested nutrients are soaked up via the intestinal walls. The waste products, consisting of undigested components of the food (fiber) and older cells that have been burned from the lining of the intestine (mucosa), relocate into the colon. Waste products in the colon regularly reprimary for a day or two until the feces are expelled by a bowel activity.