eXplorations>The Revolution>Teacher Resources>The Repeal or the Funeral of miss Americ-Stamp
The Repeal or the Funeral of miss out on Americ-Stamp
Attributed to Benjamin Wilson (March 18, 1766)
Prints and Photgraphs Division, Library that CongressLondon : published for & offered by Carington Bowles, No. 69 in St. Pauls ChurchYard, <1766 or later>
The text above the vault reads:
Within this family members Vault, lie Interred, that is to be hoped never to climb again, The Star room Court ship Money Excise Money & every Imposts without Parliament. The act de Haeritico Comburendo Hearth Mon Gener Warrants and also which had tendency to alienate the Affections of english to their Country.
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Over the Vault are placed two Skeleton Heads. Their elevation top top Poles, and the days of the 2 Rebellion Years, sufficiently shew what Party they espoused, and in what reason they endured an ignominious Exit.
The reverend Mr.Anti-Sejanus (who under the signature hackney"d his pen in support of the Stamps) leads the procession together officiating Priest, through the funeral service and funeral sermon in his hands.
Next follow two eminent Pillars of the Law, supporting two black color flags, ~ above which are delineated the Stamps with the White Rose and Thistle interwoved, an expressive design, claimed to have been originally contrived on the 10 the June. The significative motto Semper Eadem is preserved, yet the Price of the stamp
is readjusted to 3 farthings, vital sum taken indigenous the Budget. The numbers 122 and also 71 declare the decimal which battled under this Banners.
Next shows up the honourable Mr. George Stamp, complete of Grief and also dispair, delivering his favourite Childs Coffin, miss Americ Stamp, who was born in 1763 and died difficult in 1766.
Immediately after, adheres to the chief Mourner Sejanus.
Then his grace of Spital Fields, and Lord Gawkee.
After this Jemmy Twitcher, through a Catch, by means of funeral anthem, & through his next his friend and also partner Mr. Falconer Donaldson that Halifax.
These few mourners room seperated from the joyful scene which shows up on the river Thames, wherein three an initial rate ships space riding. VIZ. The Conway, Rockingham, and also Grafton. Follow me the opposite Shore, stand open up Warehouses, for the several products of different manufactoring communities from i m sorry Cargoes are currently shipping for America. Among these is a huge Case include the Statue the Mr. Pitt, i m sorry is heaving on plank a watercraft No. 250, over there is another boat taking in goods nearer the very first Rates, which is No. 105. This Numbers will ever before be hosted in esteem by the true young of LIBERTY.
This cartoon, which celebrates the finish of the stamp Tax, is stated to be "one of the many famous and popular of the political satires commenting top top the rubber stamp Act." This print ended up being one the the most replicated satirical prints of the moment period.The cartoon shows a funeral procession of pendant of the act transporting a little coffin include the stays of the bill toward an open up vault. The vault has actually been prepared for the interment of all unjust acts that would alienate Englishmen.
|Leading the procession and preparing to deliver the funeral eulogy is the Reverend W. Scott, that under the surname "Anti-Sejanus," released letters in support of the stamp Act in London"s Public Advertiser.|
Scott is adhered to by the mourners: Solicitor general Wedderburn and also Attorney basic Norton, who room mockingly referred to as "Two Pillars the the Law" in the text.
"George Stamp" in the foreground stop the coffin, represents George Grenville. Lord Grenville is displayed "carrying his favourite Childs Coffin, miss out on Americ Stamp, that was born in 1763 and also died hard in 1766."
Following him room Bute, Bedford, and Temple, few of the same Englishmen who were responsible for passing the act.
|The days on the skulls over the vault describe the uprisings by the Jacobites, pendant of King James ~ the Glorious transformation of 1688. They continued to think that the government of the king come from God no Parliament.|
|The black flags lugged by Wederburn and also Norton contain the number 71 and also 122 which reference the number of votes versus the repeal the the stamp Act in the residence of Lords and Commons.|
The pearls in the background space labeled "Conway," "Rockingham," and "Grafton." They stand for the Parliamentary leaders responsible for the repeal of the bill currently stand ready to carry the items to America.
By setup the activity on a dock, the artist is may be to present the huge unshipped cargoes destined because that America that gathered during the period when the act remained in force.
A tiny dog makes a gesture under Reverend Scott.
Stamps simply returned from America are additionally stacked top top the wharf.
Directly behind the bale the stamps, is a crate containing a statue of wilhelm Pitt, Grenville"s archenemy in the stamp Act controversy.
Sources:Joan D. Dolmetsch, Rebellion and also Reconciliation: Satirical Prints ~ above the change at Williamsburg (Williamsburg, Va., 1976), pp. 38-39.