In the 1890s, American publicly opinion was being brushed up by a growing wave the jingoism – an intense form of nationalism calling because that an aggressive international policy.

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Because the united state saw Latin America and the Caribbean together its region of government (Monroe Doctrine, anyone?), the united state was cultivation increasingly uneasy about the Cuban rebellion versus the Spanish. Cuba to be close to Florida and also a regular target that covetous businessmen that envied its farming production that sugar and also other tropic crops. 
A Cuban rebellion formed versus the Spanish, which began to sabotage and laying waste to Cuban plantations. They used a hit and run scorched earth policy to pressure the Spanish come leave. They hope to either pressure Spain’s withdrawal or pull in the us as an ally. In response, Spain sent out autocratic General Valeriano Wyler and also over troops to crush the revolt. 
He was relentless and brutal. He provided the rebels 10 days come lay under their arms.He then put into impact a “Reconcentration” policy designed to move the native human being into camps. In this areas, Cubans passed away by the thousands, victims of unsanitary conditions, overcrowding and also disease. He compelled civilians into equipped camps, where tens of thousands died of starvation and also disease, and gained that the location of “The Butcher” in the American press. 
To store an eye ~ above the Spanish, President william McKinley sent the battleship USS Maine come Havana harbor (Cuba’s funding city). If it to be docked there, it blew up throughout the night. Back investigations decades later indicate it was likely an accident, the united state blamed Spain, aided by battle fever whipped increase by Yellow Journalism, which refers to the usage of exaggeration or falsified news story aimed at increasing circulation the newspapers. 
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The united state war cry to be “Remember the Maine; come hell v Spain!” Pro-imperialists like Theodore Roosevelt likewise cried because that war, citing the Maine incident as one excuse to seek the agenda they’d wanted all along.
On Feb 9, 1898, the new York Journal released a letter stolen from Enrique Dupuy de Lome, the Spanish Ambassador in Washington. In the letter (private correspondence to a friend) he referred to as McKinley weak and a would-be politician. Countless Americans were angered.
Following the sinking the the Maine, McKinley authorize an ultimatum come Spain demanding the it agree come a ceasefire in Cuba. Spain agreed come this demand, but US newspapers and also a majority in Congress retained clamoring for war. 
McKinley yielded to public pressure and sent a war post to Congress. He available four factors for the us to interference in the Cuban change on instead of of the rebels. 
Responding come the president's message, congress passed a joint resolution on April 20 authorizing war. Component of the resolution to be the Teller Amendment, which declared that the US had no on purpose of acquisition political control of Cuba and that, when peace was restored to the island, the Cuban human being would regulate their very own government. 
The united state then took end a couple of islands in the Pacific and also Caribbean, the many notable being the Philippines, Guam, Cuba, and Puerto Rico. The US likewise took over Hawaii for good measure because it was a resource of sugar, pineapple, and another coaling station on the way to the Philippines. The Philippines themselves were a comfortable coaling station and stop on the means to China, a potentially large market into which united state producers were eager to obtain involved.
The Filipino nationalists that had partnered v the us to loss the Spanish want independence, yet the united state (super patronizingly) no think castle were all set for self-rule, and pretty soon fighting broke out. The Filipino-American battle officially lasted until 1902 and also took the stays of hundreds of soldiers and also civilians top top both sides. 
The Filipinos offered guerilla methods to stand up to the better-equipped united state military, therefore the us responded through horrific tactics including a early on version that water-boarding and also anti-civilians measures that killed upwards that 200,000 people. It was a nasty war that showcased the worst flaw of us imperialism. (Think overseas Indian wars)
Once the united state had manage over Hawaii and also the Philippines, it came to be increasingly active in Asia, including engaging with China v helping other European powers placed down the anti-Western Boxer Rebellion in 1899. The US likewise supported the so-called Open Door policy in China for this reason that countries like the us were cost-free to trade through China there is no interference from europe powers.
In the Caribbean and also Latin America, the US began to assert its prominence much much more heavily ~ the war. Once Theodore Roosevelt was president--1901-1909--he come up through the Roosevelt Corollary come the Monroe Doctrine, which declared that no only have to Europe continue to be out the the western Hemisphere, but likewise that the US had the appropriate to intervene if countries misbehaved as a means to avoid European intervention from becoming necessary. 
A group of Japanese investors wanted to to buy a big part of Mexico’s Baja Peninsula, prolonging south that California. Fearing that the Japanese federal government was scheming come secretly acquire the land, Lodge introduced, and also the Senate i agree in 1912, a resolution well-known as the Lodge Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine. It stated that non-European powers (such together Japan) would be excluded indigenous owning region in the west Hemisphere.
Teddy Roosevelt had actually once said that is to be his motto to “speak softly and carry a big stick”. He developed the call of the united state as a civilization power and imperialists applauded his every move.
Taft depended more on investors’ dollars 보다 on the navy’s battleships. His plan of cultivating US profession by sustaining American enterprises overseas was known as disagreement diplomacy.

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Wilson pushed for a moral strategy to international affairs. He protest imperialism and the large stick and dollar diplomacy policies of his Republican predecessors. Wilson thought in a principled, ethical world where militarism, colonialism and war were carried under control.
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