Studying chemistry entails learning around acids and bases. If you’re acquisition a chemistry class, you’ll most likely need come memorize the solid acids and also bases. Usage this perform of solid acids and bases together a device to help you find out the names and chemical ingredient of each one.

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scientists mixing acids and also bases

List of strong Acids

Strong acids room not named because of this because they are more powerful than various other acids. A solid acid is one the dissolves in water. The hatchet strong in the name describes the acid’s capacity to relax hydrogen (H+) molecules, which allows it to end up being ionized when placed into a equipment of water. Weak acids do not have this ability. There room seven strong acids.

Strong Acid

Chemical Composition

chloric acid


hydrobromic acid


hydrochloric acid


hydroiodic acid


nitric acid


perchloric acid


sulfuric acid


These space all very corrosive substances the can produce dangerous fumes and cause incredibly painful burns. This substances must be taken on with excessive care.

How to Memorize solid Acids

Memorizing a perform of substances deserve to be challenging. Shot this mix of a mnemonic machine paired with chunking to assist commit the list of seven solid acids come memory.

Strong acids Mnemonic Device

Use the phrase “Chemistry requirements preparation sometimes, help!to obtain started memorizing the seven strong acids.

chemistry - chloric acidneeds - nitric acidpreparation - perchloric mountain sometimes - sulfuric acidhelp - hydro acid

Add on the chunking tip below to finish your memorization the the strong acids, because several that the items start with the very same prefix.

Chunking and also a Mnemonic

In the list of strong acids, there are three h words, each starting with the prefix hydro. Chunk those 3 words together and also learn the expression “before in classto aid remember them. This phrase is based upon the letter instantly following the hydro- in the remaining strong acids.

To recall the mountain that start with the letter h, asking yourself, When is help needed?” The prize is:

before - hydrobromicin - hydroiodic class - hydrochloric

Usage for Each solid Acid

If you want to know an ext about the strong acids than just what lock called and also their chemistry composition, you may find these of ways each one deserve to be provided interesting and also informative.

chloric acid - chloride salts manufacturing, enhance production, explosives productionhydrobromic acid - industrial cleaning products, lithographic printing, engravinghydrochloric acid - stomach mountain (aids in digestion), fireworks production, battery productionhydroiodic acid - acetic acid production, sanitizing clinical tools, industrial reducing agentnitric acid - explosives production, ammonium nitrate (fertilizer), polyurethane productionperchloric acid - separating sodium from potassium, rocket fuel production, explosives productionsulfuric acid - drain cleaner ingredient, wastewater treatment, steel production

Each of this acids can be offered in countless ways past the detailed above. Most of their usage applications are specific to industrial and also scientific laboratory settings.

List of solid Bases

Like solid acids, strong bases also dissolve thoroughly in water, as opposed to weak bases that do not dissolve. Strong bases release hydroxide (OH-) ions and absorb hydrogen (H+) molecules. There are eight solid bases.

Strong Base

Chemical Composition

barium hydroxide


calcium hydroxide


cesium hydroxide


lithium hydroxide


potassium hydroxide


rubidium hydroxide


sodium hydroxide


strontium hydroxide


Extreme caution have to be offered when working through these substances. They are extremely corrosive and can cause extremely dangerous chemistry burns.

How come Memorize strong Bases

To help remember and also recall the eight solid bases, shot the mnemonic an equipment below. Keep in mind that it has the native base, and strong, therefore it must be straightforward to combine the expression with what that represents.

bases - barium can - calciumcertainly - cesiumlook - lithium hydroxidepleasing - potassium hydroxidereally - rubidium hydroxidesomething - sodium hydroxidestrong - strontium hydroxide

Please note that whereby there room two strong bases that start with the very same letter, the matching word in the mnemonic starts through the an initial two letters or the matching word to help make the memorization tool as valuable as possible.

See more: B) Calculate The X Component Of The Velocity Of The Particle.

Usage because that Each solid Base

Are girlfriend wondering about how the solid bases deserve to be used? find a couple of of handy applications because that each one.

barium hydroxide - glass manufacturing, grease additive, pesticide manufacturing calcium hydroxide - dental fillings, food handling (pickling lime), wastewater treatmentcesium hydroxide - electrical storage batteries, steel production, radiation waste clean-uplithium hydroxide - lithium ion batteries, lubricant (grease) production, soap manufacturingpotassium hydroxide - desiccant, laundry detergent ingredient, fluid fertilizer productionrubidium hydroxide - electrical storage batteries, rubidium crystals production, wastewater treatmentsodium hydroxide - lye, drain cleaner ingredient, oven cleaner ingredientstrontium hydroxide - grease manufacturing, soap manufacturing, extracting street from beets

The solid bases have many uses past the detailed above. This substances have many applications in industrial and scientific settings.

Build your Chemistry Expertise

Now the you have lists that the solid acids and also bases, along with general information and devices to help you memorize them, it’s a an excellent time to discover even an ext about chemistry. Obtain started by discovering usual the bases in everyday life.