History >>Renaissance because that KidsThe Medici household ruled the city the Florence transparent the Renaissance. They had actually a significant influence on the expansion of the Italian Renaissance through their patronage of the arts and humanism.

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Cosimo de Medici by Agnolo Bronzino
Rulers the FlorenceThe Medici family members were wool merchants and also bankers. Both businesses to be very financially rewarding and the family ended up being extremely wealthy. Giovanni de Medici an initial brought the family members to importance in Florence by starting the Medici bank. He likewise was the leader the the Florence merchants. His son, Cosimo de Medici came to be the Gran maestro (leader) that the Florence city-state in 1434. The Medici family members ruled Florence because that the following 200 years until 1737.Leaders of the RenaissanceThe Medici space most famous for your patronage of the arts. Patronage is whereby a wealthy person or family members sponsors artists. They would certainly pay artists commissions for major works that art. The Medici patronage had a large impact ~ above the Renaissance, enabling artists to emphasis on their work-related without having to worry about money.A significant amount of the art and also architecture that was created in Florence at the beginning of the Renaissance was as result of the Medici. Beforehand they supported the artist Masaccio and also helped pay the architect Brunelleschi come rebuild the Basilica of san Lorenzo. Other famous artists the the Medici supported encompass Michelangelo, Raphael, Donatello, and also Leonardo da Vinci.The Medici didn"t just support the arts and architecture. They also supported science. They sustained the famed scientist Galileo Galilei in his clinical efforts. Galileo additionally worked as a tutor because that the Medici children.
BankersThe Medici owed lot of their wealth and also power to the Medici Bank. The made them among the richest households in every one of Europe. It to be the largest bank in Europe at its peak and was an extremely well respected. The bank made notable improvements in bookkeeping procedures including the breakthrough of the double-entry bookkeeping system.Important MembersGiovanni de Medici (1360 - 1429): Giovanni was the founder the the Medici bank which would make the family wealthy and permit them to assistance the arts.Cosimo de Medici (1389 - 1464): Cosimo started the Medici empire as the an initial Medici to end up being leader of the city of Florence. He sustained the well known sculptor Donatello and the architect Brunelleschi.Lorenzo de Medici (1449 - 1492): likewise known together Lorenzo the Magnificent, Lorenzo de Medici rule Florence through much of the height of the Italian Renaissance. He supported such artists as Michelangelo, Leonardo da Vinci, and also Sandro Botticelli.Pope Leo X (1475 - 1521): The very first of four Medici to end up being Pope, Leo commissioned numerous works native the artist Raphael.
Catherine de Medici (1529 - 1589): Catherine married King Henry II that France and became Queen that France in 1547. She later served as regent for her boy King Charles IX and played a major role in the reign of her third son Henry III. Catherine supported the arts and also brought ballet to the French court.
Catherine de Medici by Francois Clouet
Marie de Medici (1575 - 1642): Marie ended up being Queen that France as soon as she married King Henry IV of France. She additionally acted together regent for she young kid Louis XIII that France prior to he ended up being king. She court painter was the well known Peter Paul Rubens. Interesting Facts around the Medici FamilyAlthough the names were later on changed, Galileo originally named four of the moons the Jupiter he uncovered after kids of the Medici family.The Medici Family created four popes in total including Pope Leo X, Pope Clement VII, Pope Pius IV, and also Pope Leo XI.The Medici household is sometimes referred to as the Godfathers that the Renaissance.In 1478 Giuliano Medici was assassinated by the Pazzi household in front of 10,000 people at the Easter church service.

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ActivitiesTake a ten concern quiz around this page.Listen come a recorded analysis of this page:Your browser does not support the audio element.Learn much more about the Renaissance:
OverviewTimelineHow go the Renaissance start?Medici FamilyItalian City-statesAge of ExplorationElizabethan EraOttoman EmpireReformationNorthern RenaissanceGlossaryCultureDaily Life Renaissance ArtArchitecture FoodClothing and FashionMusic and DanceScience and also InventionsAstronomyPeopleArtistsFamous Renaissance PeopleChristopher ColumbusGalileoJohannes GutenbergHenry VIIIMichelangeloQueen Elizabeth IRaphaelWilliam ShakespeareLeonardo da Vinci
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